A CFD based model to predict film boiling heat transfer of cryogenic liquids

Monir Ahammad, Tomasz Olewski, Luc Vechot, Sam Mannan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)


Following an accidental spill of cryogenic liquid (e.g., LNG) on a solid substrate (e.g., concrete), the vapor generation corresponds to different boiling regimes i.e., film boiling, transition boiling, and nucleate boiling. As film boiling phenomena dictate the vapor generation in the early stage of the spill, it is considered as the most important boiling regime in the context of cryogenic (e.g., LNG) source-term estimations. This paper presents CFD simulations of cryogenic film boiling for liquid nitrogen (LN2) and LNG as pure methane. Different aspects of CFD modeling such as vapor-liquid interface morphology, the behavior of heat flux at the heated surface, the effect of wall superheats on bubbles generation frequency and bubbles departure diameter are presented. Based on the results of CFD simulations, a first principle model is applied to correlate the wall heat flux in the film boiling regime. This model can be used to enable a faster estimation of wall heat flux when CFD simulations and use of empirical correlations are not feasible.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-254
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016



  • Bubble generations
  • Computational fluid dynamics (CFD)
  • Film boiling
  • Liquefied natural gas (LNG)
  • Source-term modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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