• 5202 Citations
  • 38 h-Index
1980 …2016
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Research Output 1980 2016

  • 5202 Citations
  • 38 h-Index
  • 95 Article
  • 13 Conference contribution
  • 1 Chapter
  • 1 Review article
2016
33 Citations (Scopus)

11.3% efficiency Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 thin film solar cells: Via drop-on-demand inkjet printing

Lin, X., Klenk, R., Wang, L., Köhler, T., Albert, J., Fiechter, S., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 1 Jun 2016, In : Energy and Environmental Science. 9, 6, p. 2037-2043 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Printing
gallium
indium
Gallium
Indium
19 Citations (Scopus)

Band-gap engineering of SnO2

Mounkachi, O., Salmani, E., Lakhal, M., Ez-Zahraouy, H., Hamedoun, M., Benaissa, M., Kara, A., Ennaoui, A. & Benyoussef, A., 1 Apr 2016, In : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 148, p. 34-38 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Energy gap
Band structure
Density functional theory
Local density approximation
Electronic properties
15 Citations (Scopus)

"basic idea, advance approach": Efficiency boost by sensitization of blended dye on chemically deposited ZnO films

Baviskar, P. K., Dubal, D. P., Majumder, S., Ennaoui, A. & Sankapal, B. R., 1 Mar 2016, In : Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology A: Chemistry. 318, p. 135-141 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

acceleration (physics)
Coloring Agents
Dyes
dyes
solar cells
6 Citations (Scopus)

Complex band structures of transition metal dichalcogenide monolayers with spin-orbit coupling effects

Szczȩśniak, D., Ennaoui, A. & Ahzi, S., 1 Jul 2016, In : Journal of Physics Condensed Matter. 28, 35, 355301.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Orbit
Band structure
Transition metals
Monolayers
Orbits
9 Citations (Scopus)

Deposition of multifunctional TiO2 and ZnO top-protective coatings for CSP application

Ennaceri, H., Erfurt, D., Wang, L., Köhler, T., Taleb, A., Khaldoun, A., El Kenz, A., Benyoussef, A. & Ennaoui, A., 25 Jul 2016, In : Surface and Coatings Technology. 298, p. 103-113 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

protective coatings
Protective coatings
Solar energy
coatings
Coatings

Direct normal irradiation-based approach for determining potential regions for concentrated solar power installations in Morocco

Ennaceri, H., Ghennioui, A., Benyoussef, A., Ennaoui, A. & Khaldoun, A., 20 Oct 2016, (Accepted/In press) In : International Journal of Ambient Energy. p. 1-9 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solar energy
Irradiation
Satellites
Geographic information systems
NASA
1 Citation (Scopus)

On the analysis of suitable ageing tests of first-surface CSP mirrors in Moroccan outdoor conditions

Ennaceri, H., Benyoussef, A., Ennaoui, A. & Khaldoun, A., 18 Apr 2016, Proceedings of 2015 IEEE International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 7455062

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Power plants
Aging of materials
Sulfur dioxide
Titanium dioxide
Surface morphology
17 Citations (Scopus)

Water-resistant surfaces using zinc oxide structured nanorod arrays with switchable wetting property

Ennaceri, H., Wang, L., Erfurt, D., Riedel, W., Mangalgiri, G., Khaldoun, A., El Kenz, A., Benyoussef, A. & Ennaoui, A., 15 Aug 2016, In : Surface and Coatings Technology. 299, p. 169-176 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
Nanorods
zinc oxides
nanorods
2015
27 Citations (Scopus)
Ink
Solar cells
Ligands
Annealing
Nanoparticles
26 Citations (Scopus)

Defect study of Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)4 thin film absorbers using photoluminescence and modulated surface photovoltage spectroscopy

Lin, X., Ennaoui, A., Levcenko, S., Dittrich, T., Kavalakkatt, J., Kretzschmar, S., Unold, T. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 5 Jan 2015, In : Applied Physics Letters. 106, 1, 013903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

photovoltages
absorbers
photoluminescence
defects
thin films
16 Citations (Scopus)

Monolithically interconnected lamellar Cu(In,Ga)Se2 micro solar cells under full white light concentration

Reinhold, B., Schmid, M., Greiner, D., Schüle, M., Kieven, D., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 1 Dec 2015, In : Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 23, 12, p. 1929-1939 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solar cells
solar cells
Conversion efficiency
Lighting
Solar concentrators
2014
14 Citations (Scopus)

Cactus architecture of ZnO nanoparticles network through simple wet chemistry: Efficient dye sensitized solar cells

Baviskar, P., Gore, R., Ennaoui, A. & Sankapal, B., 2014, In : Materials Letters. 116, p. 91-93 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Coloring Agents
Dyes
solar cells
dyes
chemistry
1 Citation (Scopus)

Deposition of transparent Aluminum Oxide (Al2O3) films on silvered CSP mirrors

Ennaceri, H., Barrit, D., Khaldoun, A., Benyoussef, A. & Ennaoui, A., 12 Mar 2014, Proceedings of 2014 International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference, IRSEC 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 114-119 6 p. 7059915

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Oxide films
Aluminum
Mirrors
Copper
Glass
22 Citations (Scopus)

Influence of processing parameters on chemically grown ZnO films with low cost Eosin-Y dye towards efficient dye sensitized solar cell

Baviskar, P., Ennaoui, A. & Sankapal, B., 2014, In : Solar Energy. 105, p. 445-454 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eosine Yellowish-(YS)
Coloring Agents
Dyes
Processing
Costs
2013

Air-stable solution processed Cu2ZnSn(Sx,Se (1-x))4 thin film solar cells: Influence of ink precursors and preparation process

Lin, X., Kavalakkatt, J., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 2013, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1538. p. 107-114 8 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

inks
Ink
Solar cells
solar cells
Annealing
47 Citations (Scopus)

Controlled synthesis of ZnO nanostructures with assorted morphologies via simple solution chemistry

Baviskar, P. K., Nikam, P. R., Gargote, S. S., Ennaoui, A. & Sankapal, B. R., 25 Feb 2013, In : Journal of Alloys and Compounds. 551, p. 233-242 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanostructures
Nanoneedles
Fluorine
Tin oxides
Nanorods
11 Citations (Scopus)

Correlation between processing conditions of Cu2ZnSn(S xSe1-x)4 and modulated surface photovoltage

Lin, X. Z., Dittrich, T., Fengler, S., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 8 Apr 2013, In : Applied Physics Letters. 102, 14, 143903.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

photovoltages
inks
diffusion length
selenium
sulfur
10 Citations (Scopus)

Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 from CuxSnSy nanoparticle precursors on ZnO nanorod arrays

Kavalakkatt, J., Lin, X., Kornhuber, K., Kusch, P., Ennaoui, A., Reich, S. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 15 May 2013, In : Thin Solid Films. 535, 1, p. 380-383 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanorods
nanorods
Nanoparticles
X ray diffraction
nanoparticles
18 Citations (Scopus)

In situ monitoring of electrophoretic deposition of Cu 2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals

Kornhuber, K., Kavalakkatt, J., Lin, X., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 7 May 2013, In : RSC Advances. 3, 17, p. 5845-5850 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanocrystals
Monitoring
Chemical contamination
Solar absorbers
Molybdenum
13 Citations (Scopus)

Lattice positions of Sn in Cu2ZnSnS4 nanoparticles and thin films studied by synchrotron X-ray absorption near edge structure analysis

Zillner, E., Paul, A., Jutimoosik, J., Chandarak, S., Monnor, T., Rujirawat, S., Yimnirun, R., Lin, X. Z., Ennaoui, A., Dittrich, T. & Lux-Steiner, M., 3 Jun 2013, In : Applied Physics Letters. 102, 22, 221908.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

synchrotrons
nanoparticles
x ray absorption
thin films
x rays
4 Citations (Scopus)
Solar cells
Photoemission
High resolution transmission electron microscopy
Electronic properties
Heterojunctions
72 Citations (Scopus)

Structural and optical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film absorbers from ZnS and Cu3SnS4 nanoparticle precursors

Lin, X., Kavalakkatt, J., Kornhuber, K., Levcenko, S., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 15 May 2013, In : Thin Solid Films. 535, 1, p. 10-13 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Structural properties
absorbers
Optical properties
Nanoparticles
optical properties
2012
8 Citations (Scopus)

Formation of a heterojunction by electrophoretic deposition of CdTe/CdSe nanoparticles from an exhaustible source

Zillner, E., Kavalakkatt, J., Eckhardt, B., Dittrich, T., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M., 30 Jun 2012, In : Thin Solid Films. 520, 17, p. 5500-5503 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Heterojunctions
heterojunctions
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
photovoltages
32 Citations (Scopus)

One-step solution-based synthesis and characterization of kuramite Cu 3SnS 4 nanocrystals

Lin, X., Steigert, A., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 28 Oct 2012, In : RSC Advances. 2, 26, p. 9798-9800 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanocrystals
Optical band gaps
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
32 Citations (Scopus)

Synthesis of Cu 2Zn xSn ySe 1+x+2y nanocrystals with wurtzite-derived structure

Lin, X., Kavalakkatt, J., Kornhuber, K., Abou-Ras, D., Schorr, S., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 28 Oct 2012, In : RSC Advances. 2, 26, p. 9894-9898 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nanocrystals
X ray powder diffraction
Optical band gaps
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Absorption spectroscopy
2011

Charge transfer from CdTe quantum dots into a CdS thin layer

Zillner, E., Eckhardt, B., Ennaoui, A., Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. & Dittrich, T., 2011, Energy Procedia. Vol. 10. p. 225-231 7 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Semiconductor quantum dots
Charge transfer
Electron injection
Electrons
88 Citations (Scopus)

Concepts of inorganic solid-state nanostructured solar cells

Dittrich, T., Belaidi, A. & Ennaoui, A., Jun 2011, In : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 95, 6, p. 1527-1536 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solar cells
Semiconductor quantum dots
Electrons
Composite materials
Temperature
38 Citations (Scopus)

Fabrication of CuInS2 films from electrodeposited Cu/In bilayers: Effects of preheat treatment on their structural, photoelectrochemical and solar cell properties

Lee, S. M., Ikeda, S., Yagi, T., Harada, T., Ennaoui, A. & Matsumura, M., 14 Apr 2011, In : Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 13, 14, p. 6662-6669 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Photoelectrochemical cells
Solar cells
solar cells
Fabrication
Equipment and Supplies
2010
265 Citations (Scopus)

Buffer layers and transparent conducting oxides for chalcopyrite Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 based thin film photovoltaics: Present status and current developments

Naghavi, N., Abou-Ras, D., Allsop, N., Barreau, N., Bücheler, S., Ennaoui, A., Fischer, C. H., Guillen, C., Hariskos, D., Herrero, J., Klenk, R., Kushiya, K., Lincot, D., Menner, R., Nakada, T., Platzer-Björkman, C., Spiering, S., Tiwari, A. N. & Törndahl, T., Sep 2010, In : Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 18, 6, p. 411-433 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buffer layers
Oxides
buffers
conduction
Thin films
1 Citation (Scopus)

Chemical composition and electronic properties of CuInS2/Zn(S,O) interfaces

Sáez-Araoz, R., Lauermann, I., Neisser, A., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 2010, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1165. p. 101-107 7 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Conduction bands
Electronic properties
conduction bands
chemical composition
Energy gap
14 Citations (Scopus)

Current transport in Cu(In,Ga)S2 based solar cells with high open circuit voltage-bulk vs. interface

Merdes, S., Johnson, B., Sáez-Araoz, R., Ennaoui, A., Klaer, J., Lauermann, I., Mainz, R., Meeder, A. & Klenk, R., 2010, Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings. Vol. 1165. p. 179-184 6 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Open circuit voltage
open circuit voltage
high voltages
Solar cells
solar cells
4 Citations (Scopus)

In situ investigation of wet chemical processes for chalcopyrite solar cells by L-edge XAS under ambient conditions

Greil, S. M., Lauermann, I., Ennaoui, A., Kropp, T., Lange, K. M., Weber, M. & Aziz, E. F., Feb 2010, In : Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 268, 3-4, p. 263-267 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemical reactions
absorbers
Solar cells
solar cells
Copper compounds
2009
374 Citations (Scopus)

Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film solar cells from electroplated precursors: Novel low-cost perspective

Ennaoui, A., Lux-Steiner, M., Weber, A., Abou-Ras, D., Kötschau, I., Schock, H. W., Schurr, R., Hölzing, A., Jost, S., Hock, R., Voß, T., Schulze, J. & Kirbs, A., 2 Feb 2009, In : Thin Solid Films. 517, 7, p. 2511-2514 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Quantum efficiency
Solar cells
solar cells
Ternary alloys
quantum efficiency
11 Citations (Scopus)

In situ analysis of the Zn(S,O) buffer layer preparation for chalcopyrite solar cells by Zn L-edge X-ray absorption spectroscopy

Lauermann, I., Kropp, T., Vottier, D., Ennaoui, A., Eberhardt, W. & Aziz, E. F., 23 Feb 2009, In : ChemPhysChem. 10, 3, p. 532-535 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy
X ray absorption spectroscopy
Buffer layers
Solar cells
Buffers
24 Citations (Scopus)

In situ monitoring the growth of thin-film ZnS/Zn(S,O) bilayer on Cu-chalcopyrite for high performance thin film solar cells

Sáez-Araoz, R., Abou-Ras, D., Niesen, T. P., Neisser, A., Wilchelmi, K., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., 2 Feb 2009, In : Thin Solid Films. 517, 7, p. 2300-2304 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

baths
solar cells
turbidity
Turbidity
Thin films
33 Citations (Scopus)

Recombination mechanisms in highly efficient thin film Zn(S,O)/Cu(In,Ga) S2 based solar cells

Merdes, S., Sáez-Araoz, R., Ennaoui, A., Klaer, J., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Klenk, R., 2009, In : Applied Physics Letters. 95, 21, 213502.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

solar cells
thin films
buffers
cliffs
spectral sensitivity
181 Citations (Scopus)

The crystallisation of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film solar cell absorbers from co-electroplated Cu-Zn-Sn precursors

Schurr, R., Hölzing, A., Jost, S., Hock, R., Voß, T., Schulze, J., Kirbs, A., Ennaoui, A., Lux-Steiner, M., Weber, A., Kötschau, I. & Schock, H. W., 2 Feb 2009, In : Thin Solid Films. 517, 7, p. 2465-2468 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Crystallization
absorbers
solar cells
crystallization
metal films
2008
11 Citations (Scopus)

Use of different Zn precursors for the deposition of Zn(S,O) buffer layers by chemical bath for chalcopyrite based Cd-free thin-film solar cells

Sáez-Araoz, R., Ennaoui, A., Kropp, T., Veryaeva, E., Niesen, T. P. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., Oct 2008, In : Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science. 205, 10, p. 2330-2334 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buffer layers
Zinc Sulfate
baths
Zinc
buffers
2006
33 Citations (Scopus)

Chemical and electrochemical synthesis of nanosized TiO2 anatase for large-area photon conversion

Sankapal, B. R., Sartale, S. D., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Ennaoui, A., May 2006, In : Comptes Rendus Chimie. 9, 5-6, p. 702-707 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Titanium dioxide
Photons
Powders
Indium
Quartz
45 Citations (Scopus)

Formation of a ZnS/Zn(S, O) bilayer buffer on CuInS 2 thin film solar cell absorbers by chemical bath deposition

Bär, M., Ennaoui, A., Klaer, J., Kropp, T., Sáez-Araoz, R., Allsop, N., Lauermann, I., Schock, H. W. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 2006, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 99, 12, 123503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

baths
absorbers
buffers
solar cells
thin films
75 Citations (Scopus)

Growth and characterization of ZnO thin films prepared by electrodeposition technique

Fahoume, M., Maghfoul, O., Aggour, M., Hartiti, B., Chraïbi, F. & Ennaoui, A., 15 Jun 2006, In : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 90, 10, p. 1437-1444 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Electrodeposition
Thin films
X ray diffraction analysis
Zinc chloride
Opacity
67 Citations (Scopus)

Highly-efficient Cd-free CuInS2 thin-film solar cells and mini-modules with Zn(S,O) buffer layers prepared by an alternative chemical bath process

Ennaoui, A., Bär, M., Klaer, J., Kropp, T., Sáez-Araoz, R. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., Sep 2006, In : Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications. 14, 6, p. 499-511 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Buffer layers
Short circuit currents
baths
Solar cells
Buffers
16 Citations (Scopus)

Intermixing at the heterointerface between ZnS/Zn(S,O) bilayer buffer and CuInS2 thin film solar cell absorber

Bär, M., Ennaoui, A., Klaer, J., Kropp, T., Sáez-Araoz, R., Lehmann, S., Grimm, A., Lauermann, I., Loreck, C., Sokoll, S., Schock, H. W., Fischer, C. H., Lux-Steiner, M. C. & Jung, C., 2006, In : Journal of Applied Physics. 100, 6, 064911.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

absorbers
buffers
solar cells
thin films
baths

P-type CuI window-by silar on N-type CISCuT absorber layers: Preparation, characterization and its device performance

Sankapal, B. R., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 2006, Proceedings - Electrochemical Society. Vol. PV 2003-32. p. 89-95 7 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Substrates
Glass
Iodine
Copper deposits
Crystalline materials
26 Citations (Scopus)

The electronic structure of the [Zn(S,O)/ZnS]/CuInS2 heterointerface - Impact of post-annealing

Bär, M., Ennaoui, A., Klaer, J., Sáez-Araoz, R., Kropp, T., Weinhardt, L., Heske, C., Schock, H. W., Fischer, C. H. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 29 Dec 2006, In : Chemical Physics Letters. 433, 1-3, p. 71-74 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Commonwealth of Independent States
Electronic structure
Annealing
electronic structure
annealing
53 Citations (Scopus)

TiO2 and TiO2-SiO2 thin films and powders by one-step soft-solution method: Synthesis and characterizations

Ennaoui, A., Sankapal, B. R., Skryshevsky, V. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 15 Jun 2006, In : Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells. 90, 10, p. 1533-1541 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Powders
Thin films
Titanium dioxide
Photoelectrochemical cells
Colloids
2005
42 Citations (Scopus)

Characterization of p-CuI prepared by the SILAR technique on Cu-tape/n-CuInS2 for solar cells

Sankapal, B. R., Ennaoui, A., Guminskaya, T., Dittrich, T., Bohne, W., Röhrich, J., Strub, E. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 1 Jun 2005, In : Thin Solid Films. 480-481, p. 142-146 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iodine
Tapes
tapes
Solar cells
solar cells
14 Citations (Scopus)

Composition and growth procedure-dependent properties of electrodeposited CuInSe2 thin films

Babu, S. M., Ennaoui, A. & Lux-Steiner, M. C., 15 Feb 2005, In : Journal of Crystal Growth. 275, 1-2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Thin films
thin films
Chemical analysis
Indium
Deposits